The Making Of Surat

The Sixteenth Century

1612 - The British's established a Kothi.

1614 - Sir Tomarso came to Surat . He met Jehangir Badshah and obtained the     rights for commerce for east India company.

1664- For the first time Shivaji looted Surat..


The Eighteenth Century

1800- The British's took possession of whole Surat completely during the     era of Navab Nasiruddin.

1825- The kothis-big campus established by Portuguese in 1847 were closed on arrival of Validness.

1826- Government started Gujarati schools. First English school started in 1842 in the city.

1850- The first press was established by Surat literary society.

1.7.1850- Andrews library begun.

15.8.1852-The first meeting of municipality. The municipality came into existence legally.

1852- In Gopipura a girls school named Raichand Deepchand Primary Girls school was established.

1857- Telegraph communication begun in Surat.

1860- Railway station was constructed.

1863- `Surat Mitra' was started by Dinshah Ardeshar Taliyarkhan. It was renamed as `Gujarat Mitra' on 1.9.1864

1865- Survey of the city was conducted. Road connecting Chock bazaar to station was

.1867- Municipalities office was brought in the existing building.

1870- Clock tower was established on the station road. for protection against the floods, a bridge over Makkai pool with sluice gate was constructed.

1870- Ranibaug (Gandhi baug at present) was introduced by the municipality.

1871- Registration of death and birth was introduced by municipality.

1.5.1877- Inauguration of hope pool.

1883-84- Saturday bazaar(Shani wari) commenced in Killa maidan. For the first time election process was introduced in the municipality and 12 members from twelve wards were elected.

1855- Municipality was entrusted administration of primary schools.

1.1.1898- Water distribution begun through water works constructed by municipality.

1898-99- Water taps were connected into the city

1.4.1899- Varachha water work was entrusted to the municipality.

The Nineteenth Century

1901- New act of municipality came into force.

1909- (1)The strength of elected members was raised to by 2/3 rd of total strength.

(2) As a chief administrator of the municipality chief officer was appointed

1.4.1920- Free and compulsory education was introduced

19.4.1921- Mahatma Gandhi was awarded a letter of honour.

24.10.1925- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was awarded a letter of honour.

1.3.1934- An act relating to adulteration was promulgated into the city

1936- Vegetable market at Baranpuri Bhagal was constructed.

6.1.1939- Unfolding of picture of Mahatma Gandhi at the hands of Sardar Patel.

13.4.1944- The municipality resolved that as long as British's are not ready to quit India, and continue to harass, till then, the work of municipality be stopped.

8.2.1946- Municipality was re-established.

7.7.1950-Spraying of D.D.T was undertaken to eradicate mosquito nuisance.

17.10.1950- Dr. Rajendra Parsad, president of India, unveiled the statue of mahatma Gandhi situated at Gandhi baug.

1952- Surat railway station was newly constructed.

1965- English class was opened in Raichand Deepchand School for girls. at Gopipura, thus english education for girls begun.

1.10.1966- Municipality was converted into corporation.

19.4.1980- Inauguration of Gandhi Smruti bhavan.

22.7.1991- Inauguration of sardar vallabh bhai Patel bridge (cost: Rs 14.31 crores)

24.8.1991- Narmad central library was inaugurated.

16.12.1995- Wier cum cause way was inaugurated (cost Rs. 35 crores)

25.12.1995- Sewage treatment plant at Bhesan was commenced (cost Rs. 8 crores)

30.6.1996- Inauguration of swami vivekanand bridge (cost Rs. 15 crores).


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